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INTRODUCTION – Essay on Chandrayaan 2
Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian lunar mission that will explore the Moon’s south polar region.
It is the second lunar exploration mission developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
It consists of a lunar orbiter, the Vikram lander, and the Pragyan lunar rover, all of which were developed in India.
The main scientific objective is to study the variations in lunar surface composition, as well as the location and abundance of lunar water.
Chandrayaan 2 launch date and time in india
The mission was launched on 22 July 2019 by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).
The craft reached the Moon’s orbit on 20 August 2019. Vikram and the rover were scheduled to land on the near side of the Moon,
in the south polar region on 6 September 2019 and conduct scientific experiments for one lunar day, which approximates two Earth weeks.
However, the lander deviated from its intended trajectory starting at 2.1 kilometres altitude, and had lost communication when touchdown confirmation was expected.
Initial reports suggesting a crash have been confirmed by ISRO chairman.
As of 8 September 2019, on-going efforts are being made by ISRO in hopes of restoring communications with Vikram.
Both ISRO and NASA are in the process of trying to restore communications through their respective Deep Space Networks.
The mission’s lander is called Vikram named after Vikram Sarabhai who is widely regarded as the founder of the Indian space programme.
The mission’s rover is called Pragyan would have operated on solar power.
CONCLUSION – Essay on Chandrayaan 2
The rover was to move on 6 wheels traversing 500 meters on the lunar surface, perform on-site analyses and send the data to the lander.
According to ISRO, the lunar south pole is an interesting surface area, which remains in shadow as compared to the north pole.
There is a possibility of the presence of water in
permanently shadowed areas around it.
Chandrayaan-2 orbiter has located the lander Vikram on the lunar surface and beamed its first picture back to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
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